The district of Gadchiroli is situated in the state of Maharashtra in western India. The administrative headquarters of the district is the town of Gadchiroli. The district was formed on 26th August 1982 by dividing Chandrapur district. Gadchiroli District Map will be very helpful for those planning a trip to Gadchiroli.
The district is situated in the north eastern part of the state. It is bordered by the states of Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh. The district is 80 kilometers from Chandrapur while Nagpur is 180 kilometers from here.
The district's population is around 9, 70,294 according to the 2001 Census of India. The population of males is around 4, 91,101 while that of females is approximately 4, 79,193.
The district is covered with hills and forests and is considered as a tribal area. It is well-known for its Tendu leaves and bamboo. The main agriculture produce of the district is paddy. Other agricultural products include linseed, wheat, jowar and tur. The taluka of Armori is home to the Tussar Silk Worm Centre.
Gadchiroli District is subdivided into three sub-divisions namely Aheri, Gadchiroli and Desaiganj. Each of these sub-division feature four talukas. There are 1679 villages, 467 gram panchayats and two municipalities.
Armori, Gadchiroli and Sironcha are the three legislative assembly constituencies. The talukas of Etappali, Dhanora, Aheri and Sironcha, located in the eastern part of the district are covered with forest. The area of Tipagad, Surjagad, Bhamaragad and Palasgad is hilly.
Physical Features of the District
Geographically, Vainganga Khore is one of the particular area in this district. Gadchiroli, Armori, Chamorshi, Aheri and Sironcha talukas are covered under this area.
The major area of the district is having undulating topography on large scale. Except a narrow strip along Godavari and Pranhita rivers.
Main physio-graphic features of the district are the Sirkonda, Bhamragad, Aheri and Dandkaranya hill ranges with high to moderate relief.
The low land of the district shows rolling topography with isolated hillrocks.
The main river basin of the district is Godavari which borders the southern boundary of the district and flows West to East. The major sub-basins of the Godavari are Pranhita sub-basins which is given name after the confluence of two major sub-basins ie Wainganga and Wardha River near Chaprala village of Chamorshi Taluka; and Indravati sub-basin. The Sub-tributaries of these two sub-basins show a network of parallel drainage pattern.
The eastern part of district ie Dhanora, Etapalli, Aheri and Sironcha talukas are some what higher part of district and are covered by thick forest. Hills are located in the area of Bhamaragad, Tipagad, Palasgad and Surjagad in the district.
The predominant soil cover in the district is clay, clay-gravel, sandy loam, deep black soil, reddish & yellowish brown soils on hill slopes, brown & gray soils of plains and laterite & lateritic soil.
Land Use Pattern
Total Geographical area of Gadchiroli district is 14412.0 Sq.Km. Out of this area, 11694.0 Sq.Km. i.e.78.40 % of the land is included in the reserve or protected forest category. Out of the remaining area, only 1960.0 Sq.Km. of the land is under cultivation and constitutes only 13.14 % of the total land of the district.
Inhabited Area 1028.0 Sq.Km ( 6.89 %)
Agriculture Area 1960.0 Sq.Km ( 13.14 %)
Industrial Area 2.0 Sq.Km ( 0.02%)
Forest Cover 11694.0 Sq.Km (78.40%)
Wastelands 231.0 Sq.Km (1.55%)
Drought Prone Area Nil
"Cities and towns in Gadchiroli district"
Aheri, Armori, Bhamragad, Chamorshi, Desaiganj, Dhanora, Etapalli, Ganjiramayyapetha, Korchi, Kurkheda, Mulchera, Sironcha
The total population of district is 969960 that includes 490809 Males and 479151 Females ( As per Census 2001).Most of the density of population is located in Chamorshi taluka which is 1,34,670 and it's percentage is 17.11 % (Census 1991). ( Total Population of the district as per Census 1991 was 7,87,010 )
Most of the people living in district; are of tribal community. The population of tribals in the district is 3,04,535 & it's percentage is 38.70 % while the population of scheduled caste people is 95,996 & it's percentage is 12 % approx. ( Census 1991). Due to this, district is categorised as Tribal District. The Major community of tribals those reside in the district are Gond, Madia, Pardhan and Kolam. They have their own languages as "Gondi, Madiya".
The tribals in the district have their own culture. They are used to perform worships of their God "Persa Pen" and others. They do dance "Rela" on auspicious occasions and when new crops come. Rela dance is popular dance among the tribals. The other dance is "Dhol" dance. Holi, Dashehara and Deewali are the main festivals of tribals. The tribal community families reside in the dense forest of District.
The other community people have their own Festival such as Ganpati, Dashera, Diwali and Holi. In some part of district, villagers are interested in arranging "Natak, Tamasha" on the occassion of "Shankar-Pat" in the month of January and February and also arranges the culture programmes as "Dandar" on Festival days like Dashehara, Diwali, Holi etc.